Autores: Aarón Salinas Rodríguez, Betty Manrique Espinoza, Karla Margarita Moreno Tamayo, Pilar Torres Pereda, Vanessa De la Cruz Góngora, Gustavo Ángeles Tagliaferro, Martha María Téllez-Rojo Solís.
Implemented nationally throughout Mexico, Programa 70 y más is aimed at improving the living conditions among adults aged 70 years and older by boosting their social protection through policy mechanisms. Centered on two components, 70 y más pursues a twofold objective: (1) to raise the income of the elderly, and (2) to improve the social protection of the elderly. At the start of the programme in 2007, the programme had enrolled a total of 1 million beneficiaries and had a total annual budget of 6,250 million Mexican pesos (approximately US$595 million). Within two years, the number of beneficiaries had grown to 1.8 million, and the total budget had more than doubled to 13,000 million Mexican pesos (US$1,400 million), or 0.1 per cent of Mexico’s GNP (Rubio & Garfias, 2010).
Under the first programme objective, each elderly claimant receives a direct unconditional cash transfer of 500 Mexican pesos (approximately US$40) every month, which can be collected every two months. At the start of the programme in 2007, the established eligibility criteria included being 70 years and over and residing in a locality with 2,500 or fewer inhabitants (rural localities). It should be noted that our evaluation is based on the two eligibility criteria and does not account for the fact that the programme expanded the eligibility criteria to those residing in a locality with 30,000 or fewer inhabitants after 2011 (Sedesol, Reglas de Operación del Programa 70 y más, 2009).The second programme objective related to health-oriented social participation and social protection actions was late to start and, during the period of this evaluation, it had enrolled a very small percentage of beneficiaries.
Reporte disponible en: http://www.3ieimpact.org/media/filer/2014/04/07/ie_5-mexico_social_pension_0304_top_3.pdf