The impact of daycare on maternal labour supply and child development in Mexico

Autores: Gustavo Ángeles, Paola Gadsden, Sebastián Galiani, Paul Gertler, Andrea Herrera, Patricia Kariger, Enrique Seira.
Reporte disponible en la página web del 3ie

estancias-infantilesVarious countries around the world have implemented daycare programmes to support working mothers and improve the well-being of their children. However, a lack of evidence exists regarding the impact of such programmes in developing countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of one such programme in Mexico, the Programa de estancias infantiles para apoyar a madres trabajadoras (childcare programme to support working mothers – PEI). Specifically, the study was designed to evaluate its impact on labour market participation and use of time among female beneficiaries, and the well-being of their children.

The evaluation design followed a pipeline approach in which we compared a group of children on waiting lists for daycare (controls) with those attending daycare (beneficiaries). Our sample comprised 1,573 households (1,255 beneficiaries; 318 controls) from seven Mexican states. The evaluation showed that mothers who benefitted from the PEI increased their proportion of employment (18 per cent), short-term job tenure (15 per cent) and hours worked per month 24 hours). However, no significant impacts of the PEI were found on income, possibly because beneficiary respondents under-reported their income for fear of losing the benefits of the programme.

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Centro de Investigación en Evaluación y Encuestas del Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública de México.
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